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Figure 1.2 “Light Calisthenics” (rouran ticao). Calisthenics was considered to be the best way of making the bodies of soldiers more flexible and counted as an excellent tool for creating group cohesion and discipline
Figure 1.2 “Light Calisthenics” (rouran ticao). Calisthenics was considered to be the best way of making the bodies of soldiers more flexible and counted as an excellent tool for creating group cohesion and discipline
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Chapters where this image appears:

Description: The Body and Military Masculinity in Late Qing and Early Republican China
In his comprehensive, strongly German-influenced New Book on Military Science (Bingxue xinshu), published in 1899, Xu Jianyin demanded that the military reject men who were “not familiar with discipline” and whose “mind and physique are not stable” (xin li wei qi).Xu [1899]...
Nicolas Schillinger
Lexington Books
6,996